Carcinogens In Cigarette Smoke
As many of you already know, cigarette smoke contains a substantial portion of carcinogens harmful chemicals. Some of these chemicals are called carcinogens, which means cancer causing chemical. Cigarette smoke contains over thirty notable carcinogens. First up, Acetaldehyde, is an organic carcinogen that is toxic to humans over prolonged exposure, as well as being a carcinogen. Acetaldehyde is an air pollutant produced by combustion, such as car fumes and of course cigarette smoke. A single cigarette can contain anywhere from nine hundred and eighty micrograms to 1.37 milligrams of Acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is put in tobacco cigarettes because it works well with nicotine, it is increases both the start and duration of addiction to cigarette smoke, especially in teens. Tobacco companies use Acetaldehyde to help get and keep people addicted to cigarettes.
The element arsenic is also found in cigarettes. Arsenic is found naturally in the soil around the world, and is toxic to humans. In it’s pure elemental form it is a metal, though usually it is found as some form of a metal-like compound. Arsenic has several possible compounds that it can form in to, and these compounds are used for different things. Most are used for strengthening metal alloys, but in the case of cigarettes it is used as a pesticide for tobacco fields. After the tobacco has been harvested and processed, a small portion of the arsenic remains in the cigarettes. Arsenic has been found to be a carcinogen as well as being toxic, and should be avoided. Cigarette smoke also contains vinyl chloride, a chemical precursor to polyvinyl chloride, better known as PVC. PVC is a hard plastic like substance used in PVC bottles or PVC pipes. PVC is not harmful, but the chemical used to make PVC, vinyl chloride, is extremely toxic. Research over the last fifty years in both animal research and in PVC factories show that vinyl chloride causes a rare cancer of the liver called angiosarcoma. This damage could result from either small dosages over a long period of time (such as with the factory workers) or one large dose in a small amount of time (as with testing animals.) Cigarette smoke contains 5.6 to 27 nanograms of vinyl chloride per cigarette. This amount is not immediately harmful, but over time it can cause serious damage to the liver, potentially even causing angiosarcoma.
Some of the other carcinogenic compounds and chemicals found in cigarette smoke include; 4-Aminobiphenyl, a chemical formerly used in Azo dyes. Once it was discovered that 4-Aminobiphenyl was so carcinogenic, it was replaced by less harmful chemicals for the manufacturing of Azo dyes. It is still found in cigarette smoke from 0.2 to twenty three nanograms per cigarette. Benzene can also be found in cigarette smoke. Benzene is a compound most commonly used in the production and manufacturing of plastics. Benzene can be found in cigarette smoke in the amounts of 5.9 to seventy five micrograms per cigarette. Beryllium, a rare element used in rocketry and aerospace programs for it’s light weight and strong structure can be found in small parts in cigarette smoke. Beryllium is highly toxic and carcinogenic, which makes it expensive and labor intensive to manufacture. The highest dosage of Beryllium that can be found in a cigarette is 0.5 nanograms, which is almost nothing, but beryllium is so potent that over time this dosage adds up.
This was just a small list of some of the carcinogens in cigarettes. There are many more that are not discussed here. Switch to our Smokeless Cigarette now The My Smokeless electronic cigarette.